Concrete Terminology

If this is your first time dealing with concrete, we may use some terms that you are unfamiliar with. Here is a breakdown of these terms and what we mean when we use them.

Aggregate – Grainy substances such as sand,  gravel, and crushed stone that are used in concrete. Aggregate is classified by size and grade. You can see our different levels of aggregate, as well as polishing options, by clicking here.

Curing – When concrete is protected from moisture-loss. This is done to keep moisture in the concrete to fully hydrate the cement particles. This process typically takes 30 days for full reaction. Because of curing, the concrete is much stronger and more permeable. Curing also helps to lessen cracking, which can impact durability.

Epoxy – An adhesive material, usually made from plastic, paint, or anything else made from synthetic thermosetting polymers that contain epoxide groups. Click here to learn more about our epoxy floor coatings. If you would like to see some photos of epoxy projects we have completed, please click here

Full Broadcast Epoxy – The floor is completely covered by flakes. The full coverage helps with slip resistance, durability, and gives the floor a designer look. Compare this to random broadcast epoxy, where there are specks of flakes in the concrete floor. Here is our brochure of different Full Broadcast Chip Epoxy options.

Grinding – The process of leveling and restoring a concrete floor. Grinding loosens any material that was on the original floor (such as paint), and creates a surface for the new concrete covering or a concrete polishing process.

Integral Coving – Extending the floor up the wall, like a baseboard. This helps keep mold/mildew or bacteria from getting under walls. This is a great option for rooms that get cleaned by a hose or for those who are looking for a seamless floor to wall transition. Click here to see a photo from one of our projects.

Sealing – Adding a protective layer to concrete to stop harmful substances from getting into concrete’s pores. This also protects against unwanted staining and mold/mildew buildup. Learn more about our processes here.

Shot-blasting – To strip a surface by shooting steel particles at it at a very high speed.

Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) – Chemicals that evaporate at room temperature. Some VOCs have a strong odor, while some are undetectable. Odor level does not indicate inhalation risk. Dancer Concrete Design uses low-to-no VOC products whenever available.

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